"This article revisits the life and times of Indian migrant workers in Persia/Iran during the first half of the twentieth century, and discusses their contributions to the founding, development and eventual consolidation of the Persian/Iranian oil industry...A number of factors that shaped this experience are investigated."
(*Translated to Persian for Issue no.1 with author permission)
What is important to note in the study of people’s history of architecture is not a matter of subject or methodology but a matter of perspective. From a broader viewpoint, an architectural site represents not just the final construction but a process of people as forces of construction. In people's history of architecture, the traces and faces of such forces are explored.
In Sherry Turkle's words, photos and family photos are "evocative objects underscoring the inseparability of thought and feeling in our relationship to things. We think with the objects we love; we love the objects we think with." Family photos that come to life through family recollections are significant sources in family historiography.
Servants started their work from early morning in their masters' houses. Each servant had a specific set of duties such as cooking, cleaning and entertaining the master and his guests. The division of duties gradually established a new sector of domestic servants alongside labourers. Neither group however, received social or legal protection.
Robberies were carried out in different ways. Thieves adopted new methods of stealing after previous methods were exposed to the public. In urban areas, robberies occurred predominantly in shops where access to cash or commodities was presumed. Stealing tactics from shops varied depending on the shop location, time of day and crowd numbers.
The groundwork for the publication of satirical periodicals was laid by the constitutional revolution. In five months and with the backing of figures such as Sattar Khan, the Azarbaijan Periodical was published. The periodical was modelled after the famous Molla Nasredin periodical (1906-1931) that was printed in Tiflis (Tbilisi) at the time.
It is a credit to the work of Abrahamian that we study modern Iranian history not only from the perspective of conquerors, kings and elites but also from subaltern viewpoints and contexts. Abrahamian’s narrative of modern Iranian history is shaped not just by the perspective of conquerors, but by that of the conquered; not just by the rulers but by that of the ruled and not just by perpetrators but also by the victims.
Coffeehouses were important social venues in Iran. They functioned as centres for information exchange where debates took place on social and political issues of the day. In the Qajar era, where the heir to the throne resided in the city of Tabriz, coffeehouses expanded rapidly due to the economic and political privileges that the royal residency brought to the city.